Victorian era (pre 1900) 59th 2nd Nottinghamshire Regiment of Foot Belt Buckle
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You are viewing a vintage Victorian era (pre 1900) 59th 2nd Nottinghamshire Regiment of Foot belt buckle. This rare find may date back to 1782 or the early 1800's. (see the History below) This type was still part of the standard uniform and used up into the Boar War days of the 19th Century, however. The two part buckle itself appears to be silver plated on the roundel. Excellent design features still remain clear and distinct. Enjoy the historical notes below as well as the scans above, of this rare find among Victorian military items....
Battle of Nivelle (10 November 1813)
Some History: In 1756 the 61st Regiment of Foot was re-named the 59th Regiment of Foot, following the disbandment of the existing 50th and 51st regiments. Shortly after its formation, the regiment moved from England to Ireland, where it performed garrison duty until 1763. In that year the 59th Foot sailed to Nova Scotia where they remained until 1772 when they were stationed in Boston, Massachusetts. The 59th were in Boston when the American War of Independence broke out, and suffered severe casualties. The remains of the regiment returned to England in 1776 to reform. In 1782, during the closing stages of the Anglo Spanish War, the 59th were assigned to the Gibraltar garrison, remaining there for ten years. From 17921794 the regiment was based in England and the Channel Islands. In 1782 all regiments of the line without a royal title were given a county designation and the regiment became the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot. The 59th formed part of the British force dispatched to Flanders, in 1794, at the outbreak of hostilities with Revolutionary France. The campaign was a major disaster for the British and their allies, and the regiment was evacuated back to England in 1795.
On 7 January 1806 the 1st Battalion of the 59th took part in a landing at the Cape of Good Hope, and within two days the Dutch (Boer) forces had surrendered. Although the regiment suffered only light casualties (two dead and six wounded) this was to be the 59th's first battle honour . The 2nd Battalion, meanwhile, sailed for Spain in 1808. On 16 January 1809 it took part in the Battle of Corunna. In 1812 the 2nd Battalion returned to Spain. They took part in the Battle of Vittoria (June 1813), the Siege of San Sebastián (July August 1813), the Battle of the Bidassoa (October 1813), the Battle of Nivelle (November 1813) and the Battle of the Nive (December 1813). Having formed part of the army of occupation in France, after the defeat of Napoleon at Waterloo, the 2nd Battalion returned to England in 1816, where they were disbanded.
On the disbandment of the 2nd Battalion, the 1st was re-designated simply as the 59th (2nd Nottinghamshire) Regiment of Foot. In 18251826 they took part in the siege and capture of the Jat fortress of Bharatpur (awarded as the honour "Bhurtpore"). In January 1858 the 59th Foot, along with members of the Royal Marine Light Infantry and the Royal Navy occupied the city of Canton during the second China Opium War. In 1881 due to the Childers Reforms, the regiment was amalgamated with the 30th (Cambridgeshire) Regiment of Foot to form the East Lancashire Regiment with the 59th Foot becoming the 2nd Battalion of the East Lancashire Regiment. The lineage of the 59th is now continued by the Duke of Lancaster's Regiment.