British Border Regiment collar badge (lot #3)


#00002206
Price: $39.00
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You are viewing the scans for the third of three of British Border Regiment collar badges we have presently in stock. They run from the 1881 period of army reformation through to post WWII. This clean badge is an interesting early voided center varient with no crown or Battle Honors shown. Not sure of the time period. It is made of white metal with one lug type attachment cut but the orther is in good order. 


Guaranteed original!
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History:
The regiment was formed on 1 July 1881 as part of the 1881 Reforms. Under these reforms, each infantry regiment of the line was to have its own regimental district, with the two regular battalions sharing a one headquarters. One battalion was to be for foreign service and other was kept back for "home" service. The Border Regiment's district comprised the counties of Cumberland and Westmorland, with the depot headquarters at Carlisle Castle. During the Second Anglo-Boer War in 1899, the British Army was quite pressed for men. The 1st Battalion Borders was one of many "home service" units dispatched to fight in the conflict. The Battalion saw action at Colenso and Spion Kop in the campaign for the Seige of Ladysmith. The 2nd Battalion served in Ireland, and the Channel Islands and Malta from 1881 to1890. Then in India and Burma until 1905 and South Africa until 1907. The they returned to England and served in Wales until the start of WWI.  A 3rd  and 4th Volunteer Battalions were raised in 1900, and were transferred to the Special Reserve in 1908. The volunteer battalions then became units of the new Territorial Force, then renamed the 4th (Westmorland and Cumberland) and 5th (Cumberland) Battalions. The Border Regiment was increased in size during the 19141918 war by adding additional battalions, throughy the duplication of the existing territorial units and the raising of new "service" battalions. Five men of the Border Regiment were awarded the Victoria Cross, all during the First World War.

In WWII, the 1st Battalion, Border Regiment was part of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF) in Europe from 1939-1940. Originally part of the 4th Infantry Brigade2nd Infantry Division, it was later became part of the 125th Infantry Brigade, alongside the 1/5th and 1/6th Lancashire Fusiliers, of the 42nd (East Lancashire) Infantry Division. They wre among those evacuated from Dunkirk. After returning to the United Kingdom, the battalion was trained in mountain warfare.as the 31st Independent Infantry Brigade. In 1941, this brigade was selected to become glider infantry and became the 1st Glider Brigade, part of the 1st Airborne Division. They took part in the invasion of Sicily in Operation Ladbroke, in which the battalion suffered heavy casualties with some gliders being cast off too early due to inexperienced pilots and, as a result, many men were drowned before they could make landfall. As expected, due to high casualty rates, the brigade did not participate in the invasion of Italy but was returned to the United Kingdom. In September 1944, they participated in Monty's folly; Operation Market Garden. The 1st Airborne Division was all but destroyed. The battalion did not see active service for the rest of the war. The 2nd Battalion was serving in British India on the outbreak of war. In 1942. After being transferred to Ceylon, they later took part in Ordy Wingate's Burma Campaign along with the 20th Indian Infantry Division. In April 1945, the battalion was transferred to the 36th British Infantry Division, which was previously a Indian Army formation, and became a Reconnaissance Regiment for the division. They returned to England in 1945. . .